The thesis should be an independent, scientific work that complies with international standards regarding ethical requirements, academic level and methodology in the field of study.
PhD candidates must familiarize themselves with the requirements for the thesis as stipulated in the PhD Regulations and the supplementary guidelines of the relevant PhD programme. It should also be stated in the thesis that all work related to it has been done in accordance with the National ethical guidelines for research, and whether it has been reported to the data protection officer at NSD. In addition, it may be useful to look at UHR's orientation for the assessment of doctoral theses.
The PhD candidate may choose to present the research results in the form of a unified work (monograph) or as a combination of several minor works (article-based thesis).
In article-based theses it is common to have co-authors for one or more of the articles. In such cases, the PhD candidate must comply with the norms for co-authorship that are widely accepted in the relevant discipline and comply with international standards. When the thesis is submitted for assessment, co-authorship must be documented with a signed statement describing the candidate's contribution to each work.
The thesis should normally be written in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English. If the candidate wishes to use another language, permission must be sought separately upon admission.