Plagiarism is the presentation of the work and ideas of others as your own. It is both illegal and unethical.
Wrong usage of sources can lead to suspicion of cheating, even when unintentional. To avoid cheating in academic writing, it is important to learn the correct use of sources. Unintentional cheating can bear serious consequences as well.
As a student, you are required to deliver different types of works, most of which require academic writing. It is expected that you will use previous research, and that citations and references will constitute an important part of your text.
The requirement of your assigned work is that you show you have understood the material you have read, which you demonstrate through your arguments. You must use references to support your arguments. Your view is thus expressed through what you choose to emphasize and the way you choose to present your arguments.
The sources you have used in a text must be properly referenced. Sources you have referred to in the text should be referenced in the bibliography as well. If you forget referencing a source, you risk being accused of cheating, even if it is not done on purpose.
Plagiarism means presenting others' work and ideas as your own.
You plagiarize if you
- Reference or cite without providing a source
- Reference a text, while your own text resembles the original too closely. Even when providing proper reference, it is not enough to change only a few words in the original text and present it as your own.
- Submit someone else’s text as your own
- Submit (parts of) your own previously submitted texts (self-plagiarism)
- Provide a direct translation from another language without specifying that it is a translation.
Each and every time you use anything that is borrowed from the work of others, you must provide a reference in the text. The reference usually consists of brackets with the author's last name, publication year and page number. In addition, the references should be noted in a separate bibliography. INN University recommends the use of APA citation style.
When referencing a text, this can be done by direct quotation, referring to it (paraphrasing) or summarizing.
APA citation style adheres to the following standard:
- Direct citation means that you use the exact wording in the original source. Direct quotation is marked by inserting the text between quotation marks. For longer quotes, i.e. more than 3 lines / 40 words, you should make an "indentation" of the text, should use a smaller font size in comparison to the main text, and should have line breaks over and above it.
- When providing an indirect citation, such as a referring or paraphrasing, you are expected to rewrite the material you have used in your own words. However, you must nevertheless acknowledge the source of the ideas you have used by inserting a proper reference.
- Summarizing means to provide a summary of the most important points from, for example, a chapter. In this case too, you must provide a reference in the text and a notation in the bibliography.